ALIANZA TERAPÉUTICA Y PROCESO DISCURSIVO: LAS DOS RAMAS DEL ANÁLISIS DE PROCESO EN TERAPIA FAMILIAR. UNA REVISIÓN DE LA LITERATURA

Victoria Cervantes Camacho

Resumen


La investigación en el contexto de la terapia familiar y de pareja, como en el caso de otros modelos de terapia, se ha enfocado, desde hace varias décadas, en la dimensión de los resultados; sin embargo, más recientemente, la comprensión del proceso terapéutico y las intervenciones empleadas en el transcurso de su desarrollo, ha adquirido cada vez mayor relevancia. Dentro de éste campo de estudio destaca la relación terapéutica, específicamente en el ámbito de la alianza terapéutica y del proceso discursivo, como elemento cardinal en la generación de cambios y transformaciones presentes en el continuo del proceso terapéutico y en el cierre exitoso del mismo, que constata su eficacia. Al mismo tiempo, el entendimiento de estos dos ámbitos es fundamental para entender cómo se originan dichos cambios y qué factores intervienen en su producción. En esta reseña me propongo brindar una perspectiva del momento actual en la Investigación de Proceso, específicamente en lo que concierne a la alianza y al proceso discursivo, sintetizando los hallazgos empíricos, las definiciones y las construcciones teóricas asociadas a este campo de investigación.


Palabras clave


Investigación de proceso; investigación de resultados; alianza; proceso discursivo

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Referencias


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